Octopus Apollo VCT

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Octopus Apollo VCT is managed by the Octopus Ventures team, one of the largest and most successful venture capital teams in Europe. 

The VCT currently has a portfolio of 40 companies and net assets of £225.5 million (July 2021). 

Since 2018 it has focused on small and medium-sized software companies, generating revenues of typically between £2 million and £8 million, which have demonstrated strong revenue growth. These investments in more established businesses differentiate the VCT from stablemate Octopus Titan and may help reduce risk – although all VCTs remain higher risk investments.

Over the five years to 31 March 2022, Octopus Apollo VCT generated a NAV total return (including dividends) of 32.3% – past performance is not a guide to the future.

  • Offer now re-opened, seeking to raise up to £33.4 million (overallotment capacity) after raising £41.6 million in October 2021
  • Targets a regular annual dividend of 5% of NAV – not guaranteed
  • 0.10% annual rebate for three years when you invest through Wealth Club
  • Minimum investment £5,000 – you can apply online

Important: The information on this website is for experienced investors. It is not a personal recommendation to invest. If you’re unsure, please seek advice. Investments are for the long term. They are high risk and illiquid and can fall as well as rise in value: you could lose all the money you invest. The information on this page is based on performance data sourced from Morningstar at the date of the review, plus portfolio details from the VCT’s most recent published reports.

The manager

The VCT is managed by Octopus Ventures, the UK’s largest VCT manager. Octopus was launched in 2000 from the front room of one of the three founders. Today it has more than 750 employees and manages £12.4 billion (December 2021) on behalf of over 63,000 retail investors, charities and institutions, including pension funds, funds-of-funds and family offices.

Octopus’s development capital team, which was previously responsible for the VCT, is now part of Octopus Ventures, within its B2B Software team.

This change is not expected to impact the management of Octopus Apollo VCT: despite moving under the same roof as its stablemate Octopus Titan, Octopus Apollo will continue to follow a differentiated investment strategy. However, Apollo may benefit from increased deal flow and greater access to the resources of Octopus Ventures, such as its Talent Team, which works closely with each investee company. 

Octopus Ventures continues to invest in its B2B Software team: over the last two years it has doubled headcount to 12 investment professionals. Richard Court, who heads up the team, joined Octopus in 2017. He has been investing in UK and international SMEs since 2006 and has experience in a number of roles within investment banking and private equity.

Meet the manager: Watch our interview with Richard Court


Investment strategy

Octopus Apollo VCT launched in 2006 and seeks to back UK SMEs with investments of £2–10 million via a mix of unsecured debt and equity. The team will focus on more commercialised businesses with a bias towards B2B software. Investee companies should have revenues exceeding £1 million – typically ranging between £2 and £8 million in annual revenues – with a preference for recurring revenue. Businesses must have a proven proposition with evidence of significant revenue growth and a broad customer base. 

Previously, the VCT invested in more established and often already profitable companies as well as management buyouts (MBO) and renewable energy assets. However, following changes to the VCT rules in 2015, the Apollo team transitioned towards growth capital investments, a strategy that is now well underway. 

The investment team intends to steer clear of the startups favoured by Octopus Titan VCT. Instead, Apollo looks to help companies reach profitability, with its investments usually put towards increasing sales and marketing efforts, or expansion into new locations or markets.

Current portfolio overview

Octopus Apollo VCT has net assets of £225.5 million (July 2021). The investment portfolio comprises around 40 companies with a mixture of legacy, co-investments and new growth capital deals, which currently account for 71% of invested assets. 

The largest sector in the portfolio is now technology at 70%. This is in stark contrast to previous years, where the largest sector was Apollo’s energy investments (28% in January 2019; less than 2% in July 2021) which historically acted as a drag on portfolio performance.

Asset type breakdown

Source: Octopus Investments. Based on invested assets, as at July 2021.

Sector breakdown

Source: Octopus Investments. Based on invested assets, as at July 2021.

Example portfolio companies

Natterbox – Octopus Apollo VCTNatterbox (largest investment)

Established in 2010, Natterbox is a cloud-based telephony system that provides solutions to common call centre problems.

By operating through a cloud-based system Natterbox removes the need for expensive IT and phone infrastructure, allowing businesses to easily scale without upgrading servers. The software can also integrate into most Client Relationship Management (CRM) programs, enabling automatic call capturing and information recording.

For the VCT’s investment team, this is a great example of the type of company it targets. The business is growing fast, with a strong management team and a relatively consistent recurring revenue base.

Octopus Apollo VCT first invested £5 million in March 2018 to support sales and product development. Since then, the company has seen particularly strong growth within its US business, with US revenues up 253% year-on-year in H1 2021 – past performance is not a guide to the future. In addition, Natterbox is in the top 1% of all apps on the Salesforce AppExchange. 

The VCT has invested a total of £15.5 million into the business; the holding was last valued at £24.3 million and accounts for 10.8% of the net assets of the VCT (July 2021). 

Turtl – Octopus Apollo VCTTurtl (recent investment)

Turtl has developed a patent-pending cloud-based platform that applies psychological principles on how we read and retain information to help companies create, personalise and measure interactive digital content.

The platform can be used to create any digital content, from whitepapers to reports, proposals, newsletters, handbooks, and more, as a more engaging alternative to static PDFs.

An independent research study found that, compared to Turtl, PDFs lose out on 90% of reader engagement. By contrast, the company claims that Turtl customers have seen 7x more engagement with their business materials. 

Turtl’s clients range from Cisco to Lexus, Standard Life, Allianz Global Investors and The Economist. The company has offices in London and Boston – despite having just 10% of its staff based in the US to date, Turtl has grown the US business to account for 60% of revenue. 

Turtl had originally been identified by the Titan VCT investment team; however, as a more established business, the team decided Apollo’s mandate was a better fit for the company. The investment of £10 million represents Apollo’s largest ‘day one’ commitment to date.

Exit track record

In the year to January 2021, Octopus Apollo VCT disposed of four investments, resulting in two full and two partial exits, for total sale proceeds of £3.4 million, generating a realised gain of £0.9 million. The SimplyCook exit to Nestlé in February 2021 is detailed below. Please note, past performance is not a guide to the future.

In the year to July 2021, the VCT also made significant progress in disposing of legacy assets, with total sale proceeds of £37 million over the period. 

SimplyCook – Octopus Apollo VCTSimplyCook – recent exit

SimplyCook is an innovative meal kit subscription service. It puts together recipe cards, pre-portioned spices and flavour pots developed by professional chefs and posts them to customers UK-wide – helping them cook tastier meals at home.

As they do not include fresh ingredients, SimplyCook’s kits are less perishable and expensive than competing offerings – and are a potential value proposition for supermarkets. The company has already started working with Sainsbury’s and Waitrose. Since it was founded in 2014, the business has helped customers cook over 20 million recipes.

SimplyCook was acquired by Nestlé in February 2021 for an undisclosed amount (reportedly in the range of £20 million to £60 million). Octopus Apollo VCT first invested in December 2018 and held a significant stake. Past performance is not a guide to the future.

Spiralite – example of previous failure

As can be expected, not all investments worked out. One example is Spiralite.

Spiralite developed a patented air duct design for use in commercial property, believed to be more effective in terms of airflow and energy efficiency than rival solutions. However, the business struggled to gain the required commercial traction and, despite efforts to improve sales and external funding, the company was placed into administration in 2017 and the holding was written down to zero.

The investment had originally been made through Octopus Eclipse VCT and was inherited by Apollo when the two VCTs merged in 2016. The investment does not represent Apollo VCT’s own historic or current investment strategy.

Performance and dividends

Over the five years to 31 March 2022, the VCT generated a NAV total return (including dividends) of 32.3% – past performance is not a guide to the future.

The VCT’s new growth capital investments have made a material contribution to performance. In the most recent results for FY 2021, the new growth capital portfolio accounted for £23 million of the total £43 million of gains before costs. 

There is a target annual dividend yield of 5% of Net Asset Value, not guaranteed. Over the last five years to March 2022, the VCT has paid total dividends per share of 28.1p, equivalent to a cumulative dividend yield of 56.5% based on the average monthly NAV of the VCT over the period – dividends are variable and not guaranteed.

NAV and cumulative dividends per share over five years (p)

Source: Morningstar. Past performance is no guide to the future. Dividends are variable and not guaranteed. The bar chart shows net asset value and cumulative dividends per share for the period 31 Dec 2016 – 31 March 2022.

Dividend payments in the calendar year

Source: Octopus Investments, to 31 March 2022. Past performance is not a guide to the future. Dividends are not guaranteed.

Average dividend yield (% of NAV) history

Calendar year Dividend as % of NAV
2017 23.1%
2018 6.3%
2019 6.6%
2020 5.2%
2021 11.4%

Source: Morningstar. Average dividend yields are based on the dividends paid over the period divided by the monthly average NAV of the VCT over the same period. Past performance is no guide to the future.

Dividend Reinvestment Scheme (DRIS)

There is a Dividend Reinvestment Scheme under which allows shareholders to reinvest future dividend payments by way of subscription for new shares, if desired. As these are new shares they should be eligible for tax relief (you will need to claim this on your tax return or directly with HMRC) and the shares will count towards the VCT annual subscription limit.

Share buybacks

The board intends to buy back shares at up to a 5% discount to the prevailing net asset value. This is subject to availability and board and shareholder approval. Please see the offer documents for details.

Discount history

VCT shares are traded on the London Stock Exchange. Similar to investment trusts, the share price can fluctuate and can be different from the VCT’s net asset value (NAV), i.e. the value of the VCT’s underlying investments. The difference between the share price of a VCT, and its net asset value per share, is called a discount.

The charts show the five-year discount to net asset value history of Octopus Apollo VCT based on the closing share price at the end of each month, divided by the latest net asset value at the time. Past performance is not a guide to the future. Investors looking to sell their VCT shares may get a better price using the VCT’s share buyback facility, although this is not guaranteed.

5 year discount to NAV history

Morningstar, 31 March 2022. Discount is the closing share price at the end of each month, divided by the latest net asset value at the time. Rolling 12 month average is this figure averaged over the year.

Charges and savings

A summary of the main charges and savings is shown below. The net initial charge shown includes the Wealth Club saving and any early bird discount. The investment may have additional charges and expenses: please see the provider documents including the Key Information Document for more details, offer price and share allotment calculation methodology.

Please note, capacity – for the offer or any early bird savings – can be reached early, and we may not be notified of this by the VCT in real time.

Full initial charge 5.5%
Early bird discount
Wealth Club initial saving 2.5%
Existing shareholder discount 1%
Net initial charge through Wealth Club (new investors) 3%
Net initial charge through Wealth Club (existing shareholders) 2%
Annual management charge 2%
Annual administration charge 0.3%
Performance fee 20%
Annual rebate from Wealth Club 0.10%

More detail on the charges

Annual rebate

Octopus Apollo VCT includes an annual rebate for Wealth Club investors, payable for the first three years. This is a rebate of our renewal commission and should be equivalent to 0.10% of the Net Asset Value of the Offer Shares issued to you when you invest. Terms and conditions apply. 

Risks – important

This, like all investments available through Wealth Club, is only for experienced investors happy to make their own investment decisions without advice. 

VCTs are high-risk so should only form part of a balanced portfolio and you should not invest money you cannot afford to lose. They also tend to be illiquid and hard to sell and value. Before you invest, please carefully read the Risks and Commitments and the offer documents to ensure you fully understand the risks. 

To retain the tax benefits, VCTs should be held for at least five years. If you sell VCT shares and reinvest in new shares of the same VCT (including any mergers) within six months, tax relief can be restricted. Tax rules can change and benefits depend on circumstances.

VCTs can now only invest new money in growth capital deals. Management buyouts, replacement capital deals and investments in mature companies are no longer permitted. This results in considerably higher risks.

Our view

In our view, the fact the Octopus Apollo investment team is now part of Octopus Ventures adds to the VCT's appeal. Portfolio companies gain access to Octopus Ventures’ resources, such as its talent team, and the VCT should benefit from enhanced deal flow. That could be powerful in what is one of the largest VCTs on the market.

Octopus Apollo VCT’s investment strategy also remains differentiated. Legacy investments have largely gone, hopefully ending a historical drag on performance. The focus on providing growth capital to more established small and medium-sized software businesses could make this a lower-risk option relative to some VCTs – although all VCTs remain risky investments. The new investments appear to be bearing fruit and the VCT achieved its first two exits from this strategy in 2019 and 2021. 

The VCT may be worth consideration for experienced investors seeking to add valuable diversification within a wider VCT investment portfolio.

Wealth Club aims to make it easier for experienced investors to find information on – and apply for – investments. You should base your investment decision on the offer documents and ensure you have read and fully understand them before investing. The information on this webpage is a marketing communication. It is not advice or a personal or research recommendation to buy any of the investments mentioned, nor does it include any opinion as to the present or future value or price of these investments. It does not satisfy legal requirements promoting investment research independence and is thus not subject to prohibitions on dealing ahead of its dissemination. 

The details

Target dividend
Initial charge
Initial saving via Wealth Club
Net initial charge
Annual rebate
Funds raised / sought
£33.4 million / £33.4 million
Last updated: 25 April 2022

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