Octopus Apollo VCT
Octopus Apollo VCT initially launched in 2006 and has since merged with six other VCTs to create a large and diverse investment portfolio. Today, it has assets of more than £170 million and a portfolio of 40 companies, making it one of the largest single VCTs available (12 March 2021).
The VCT’s transition towards its new growth capital investment strategy is now well established. Since 2018, the VCT has focused on UK small and medium-sized companies generating revenues of typically between £3–8 million, which have demonstrated strong revenue growth – although past performance is not a guide to the future.
Currently, the growth portfolio represents 63% of Apollo’s invested assets and was the largest contributor to performance in the financial year to 2020, with two companies recently achieving an exit. 67% of the trust is now invested in technology businesses (12 March 2021).
The VCT has maintained its dividend policy and seeks to pay shareholders a dividend yield equivalent to 5% of its net asset value, not guaranteed.
In March 2021, due to investor demand, the Board of the VCT has increased the offer size from £35 million to £75 million. Of this, £65 million is available for planned allotment in 2020/21 (now full); there is an overallotment facility of £10 million, which might be used in the 2021/22 tax year. This may significantly increase the size of the VCT, and provide additional firepower when making new investments – not guaranteed. A Supplementary Prospectus has been issued.
Read important documents and apply
- Large and diverse portfolio of over 40 companies
- Managed by the largest VCT manager
- Aims to invest in more established businesses than its stablemate, Octopus Titan VCT
- Over 60% of the portfolio is now invested in new growth capital deals
- Mixture of debt and equity
- Targeting a regular annual dividend of 5% of NAV – not guaranteed
- 0.10% annual rebate for three years when you invest through Wealth Club
- Available only for 2021/22 tax year
- Minimum investment £5,000 – you can apply online
The VCT is managed by Octopus Investments, the UK’s largest VCT manager. Octopus was launched in 2000 out of the front room of one of the three founders. Today it has more than 750 employees and manages £9 billion (June 2020) on behalf of over 55,000 retail investors, charities and institutions, including pension funds, fund-of-funds and family offices.
The Development Capital team at Octopus Investments is responsible for the management of Apollo VCT. This team is not to be confused with the Octopus Ventures team, which manages Apollo’s larger stablemate, Octopus Titan VCT, and follows a different investment strategy. The Development Capital team consists of nine investment professionals with a combined 75 years’ experience. Richard Court, who heads up the team, joined Octopus in 2017. He has been an investor in UK and international SMEs since 2006 and has experience in a number of roles within investment banking and private equity. Richard is supported by two investment directors, two investment managers, and four investment associates.
Octopus continues to invest in the new team: it increased headcount from six to nine investment professionals in the twelve months to August 2020 and is currently recruiting for three to five more (March 2021).
Until recently, the VCT invested in more established and often already profitable companies as well as management buyouts (MBO). Most of the investments included a secured debt element with pre-agreed interest payments, which could support dividends by generating a more reliable income stream than equity investments. The VCT also invested in renewable energy assets.
However, changes to the VCT rules in 2015 mean those types of deal are no longer allowed for new investments.
The VCT now seeks to back UK SMEs with investments of £2-£10 million via a mix of unsecured debt and equity. The team will focus on more commercialised businesses with a bias towards B2B business models. Investee companies should have revenues exceeding £1 million – typically range between £3 and £8 million in annual revenues – with a preference for recurring revenue. Businesses must have a proven proposition with evidence of significant revenue growth and a broad customer base.
The investment team intends to steer clear of the startups favoured by its stablemate Octopus Titan VCT.
To highlight the difference between Apollo’s historic MBO investments and the new B2B growth investments, we have looked at the average revenue growth in the portfolio. Based on 2019 financial results, on average, the B2B growth investments had revenues of £5 million, growing at 33% per annum, whilst the legacy MBO investments had revenues of £15 million, growing at 8% per annum. The new growth investments now account for more than 60% of invested assets.
Exit track record
In the last financial year to January 2020, Octopus Apollo VCT disposed of five investments for total sale proceeds of £17.8 million, generating a realised gain of £4.8 million. Four of these investments were from the legacy portfolio. The other, City Pantry Limited, marks the first exit from the new investment strategy. There were no disposals in the six months to July 2020. In February 2021, SimplyCook, a top 10 holding within the VCT, was acquired by Nestlé: confirmation of the returns is expected when the VCT next publishes its annual report in May. Please note, past performance is not a guide to the future.
SimplyCook – recent exit
SimplyCook is an innovative meal kit subscription service. It puts together recipe cards, pre-portioned spices and flavour pots developed by professional chefs and posts them to customers UK-wide – helping them cook tastier meals at home.
As it leaves out fresh ingredients, SimplyCook’s kits are less perishable and expensive than competing offerings – and are a potential value proposition for supermarkets. The company has already started working with Sainsbury’s and Waitrose. Since it was founded in 2014, the business has helped customers cook over 20 million recipes.
SimplyCook was acquired by Nestlé in February 2021 for an undisclosed amount (reportedly in the range of £20 million to £60 million). Octopus Apollo VCT first investment in December 2018 and held a significant stake. It is expected to announce details in its next annual report due in May 2021. Past performance is not a guide to the future.
Spiralite – example of previous failure
Investing in VCTs is not without risk and there have been failures in the portfolio, one example is Spiralite.
Spiralite developed a patented air duct design for use in commercial property. Its specialist ducting was believed to be more effective in terms of airflow and energy efficiency compared to rival solutions. However, the business struggled to gain the required commercial traction and, despite further efforts to improve sales and external funding, the company was placed into administration in 2017 and the holding was written down to zero.
The investment had originally been made through Octopus Eclipse VCT and was therefore inherited by Apollo when the two VCTs merged in 2016. While disappointing, the investment does not represent Apollo VCT’s own historic or current investment strategy.
Despite the impact Covid-19 has had on financial markets, Octopus Apollo VCT has been resilient, having now fully recovered from the initial impact of Covid-19. Prior to the Covid-19 outbreak, the VCT had a net asset value of 45.7p per share as at 31 January 2020. On 2 April 2020, the board reviewed the portfolio in detail and concluded the net asset value should be adjusted to 42.9p per share, a fall of 6.1%. In September, the board announced its net asset value for 31 July 2020 of 46.1p (or 45p after factoring in the 1.1p dividend announced for August 2020). In the latest update to 12 March 2021, NAV has increased to 50.1p after paying a dividend payment of 1.2p in December 2020.
The board believes the portfolio’s resilience is due to its investment strategy that favours businesses with recurring revenue models. In addition, the portfolio has limited exposure to the most adversely affected sectors, such as hospitality, leisure, and consumer spending, and has a high level of cash on the balance sheet.
The team believes there is an uplift in investment opportunities as a result of Covid-19 and will continue to analyse potential investments (new and follow-on) to ensure companies continue to meet its criteria prior to making an investment.
Current portfolio overview
Octopus Apollo VCT has net assets of £171.3 million (12 March 2021). The investment portfolio comprises 40 companies with a mixture of legacy, co-investment and new growth capital deals, which currently account for 63% of invested assets (up from 20% in January 2019).
The largest sector in the portfolio is now technology at 67%. This is in stark contrast to previous years, where the largest sector was Apollo’s energy investments (28% in January 2019, less than 4% in March 2021). The Energy assets have historically acted as a drag on portfolio performance and continue to being reduced as the VCT transitions towards a focus on technology and new growth capital investments.
Investors should note as at the latest half-year results to July 2020, Octopus Apollo VCT held cash and current asset investments of £30.8 million. This may change considerably as a result of the proposed increase of the current fundraising offer to £75 million.
Example portfolio companies
Natterbox (largest investment)
Established in 2010, Natterbox is a cloud-based telephony system that provides solutions to common call centre problems.
By operating through a cloud-based system, Natterbox removes the need for expensive IT and phone infrastructure allowing businesses to easily scale without upgrading servers. The software can also integrate into most Client Relationship Management (CRM) programs, enabling automatic call capturing and information recording.
For the VCT’s investment team, this is a great example of the type of company it targets. The business is growing fast, it has a strong management team and a relatively consistent recurring revenue base.
Octopus Apollo VCT first invested £5 million in March 2018 to increase sales and improve product development. Since then, reported revenues have grown considerably, up by 42% in 2019 and the company has opened a US office to expand its target audience. Apollo VCT has provided follow-on funding in March 2019 and March 2020, bringing the total investment to date to £10.5 million. The holding is currently valued at £16.9 million and accounts for 12% of the net assets of the VCT (July 2020). Past performance is not a guide to the future.
Fuse Universal Limited (recent investment)
Fuse Universal is a B2B software provider that has developed a cloud-based learning technology platform for companies wishing to enhance the learning and development of their employees. The platform allows organisations to share insights and knowledge from their top-performing employees to teach and develop their teams worldwide.
Founded in 2008, Fuse has offices in London, Sydney, Cape Town and Boston. Its platform is used by over 120 companies worldwide, including blue-chip clients such as Spotify, Adidas, and Vodafone.
Apollo first invested £5 million in the business in August 2019 through a blend of preferred shares and loan stock. The holding is currently valued at £5.2 million (July 2020).
Performance and dividends
Octopus Apollo VCT has shown resilience through 2020. In January 2020 the VCT reported a net asset value of 45.7p, then marked down to 42.9p in April 2020 in response to the coronavirus outbreak. The trust now appears to have fully recovered from losses made during the height of the crisis. In 2020, the VCT paid 2.3p of dividends, its latest NAV update to 12 March 2021 saw the NAV being revised higher to 50.1p.
In the last financial year to January 2020, the MBO and new growth capital portfolio contributed £7 million and £9 million respectively to gains. However, the ongoing poor performance of energy assets weighed on Apollo’s total return. Energy assets lost £8 million over the period. However, energy assets continue to decline as a proportion of the overall portfolio and should have a lesser effect on the total return of the trust in future.
There is a target annual dividend yield of 5% of Net Asset Value, not guaranteed. The average annual dividend for the VCT has been 8.8p, however, this figure is skewed by special dividend payments made in 2016/17. Please note, past performance is not a guide to the future and dividends are variable and not guaranteed.
Risks – important
This, like all investments available through Wealth Club, is only for experienced investors happy to make their own investment decisions without advice.
VCTs are high-risk so should only form part of a balanced portfolio and you should not invest money you cannot afford to lose. They also tend to be illiquid and hard to sell and value. Before you invest, please carefully read the Risks and Commitments and the offer documents to ensure you fully understand the risks.
Tax rules can change and benefits depend on circumstances.
VCTs can now only invest new money in growth capital deals. Management buyouts, replacement capital deals and investments in mature companies are no longer permitted. This results in considerably higher risks.
Charges and savings
A summary of the main charges and savings is shown below. The net initial charge shown includes the Wealth Club saving and any early bird discount. The investment may have additional charges and expenses: please see the provider documents including the Key Information Document for more details.
Please note, capacity – for the offer or any early bird savings – can be reached early, and we may not be notified of this by the VCT in real time.
|Full initial charge||5.5%|
|Early bird discount||—|
|Wealth Club initial saving||2.5%|
|Existing shareholder discount||1%|
|Net initial charge through Wealth Club (new investors)||3%|
|Net initial charge through Wealth Club (existing shareholders)||2%|
|Annual management charge||2%|
|Annual administration charge||0.3%|
|Annual rebate from Wealth Club||0.10%|
More detail on the charges
The board intends to buy back shares at up to a 5% discount to the prevailing net asset value. This is subject to availability and board and shareholder approval. Please see the offer documents for details.
Dividend Reinvestment Scheme (DRIS)
There is a Dividend Reinvestment Scheme under which allows shareholders to reinvest future dividend payments by way of subscription for new shares, if desired. As these are new shares they should be eligible for tax relief (you will need to claim this on your tax return or directly with HMRC) and the shares will count towards the VCT annual subscription limit.
Only available for 2021/22 tax year.
Octopus Apollo VCT includes an annual rebate for Wealth Club investors, payable for the first three years. This is a rebate of our renewal commission and should be equivalent to 0.10% of the Net Asset Value of the Offer Shares issued to you when you invest. Terms and conditions apply.
With assets of more than £170 million and a portfolio of 40 companies, Octopus Apollo VCT is one of the largest single venture capital trusts currently open. Its proposal to increase the size of the current offer to up to £75 million has the potential to materially expand the investment portfolio.
The transition of the portfolio appears well established. Poorly performing energy assets now account for less than 4% of the portfolio (March 2021). More than 60% of Apollo’s invested assets are in new growth capital investments, and indeed these were the biggest contributor to earnings in the latest financial year, overtaking the MBO investments. The new strategy also experienced its first two exits in 2019 and 2021. The transition appears to be going well.
Octopus Apollo VCT is differentiated from Octopus Titan VCT, as it aims to invest in more established businesses. The VCT may provide valuable diversification within a wider VCT investment portfolio.
Wealth Club aims to make it easier for experienced investors to find information on – and apply for – tax-efficient investments. You should base your investment decision on the provider's documents and ensure you have read and fully understand them before investing. This review is a marketing communication. It is not advice or a personal or research recommendation to buy the investment mentioned. It does not satisfy legal requirements promoting investment research independence and is thus not subject to prohibitions on dealing ahead of its dissemination.
- Target dividend
- 5% of NAV
- Initial charge
- Initial saving via Wealth Club
- 2.5% (3.5% for existing shareholders)
- Net initial charge
- 3% (2% for existing shareholders)
- Annual rebate
- Funds raised / sought
- £66.9 million / £75.0 million
- Limited capacity (allotment in 2021/22)