This popular choice for tax-free income seekers offers valuable extra perks
You should never make investment decisions solely because of tax benefits. That said, the tax incentives available with Venture Capital Trusts (VCTs) are undeniably exciting.
And if you want to slash your tax bill and generate tax-free income they are well worth looking into.
To explain why, here we describe VCT tax benefits in more detail based on current tax rules. Please remember though: tax rules can change.
30% income tax relief
This tax year you can invest up to £200,000 in VCTs and receive a rebate of up to £60,000. To benefit, you must have paid or owe as much tax during the tax year in which you invest. To keep the relief, you must hold the investment for at least five years.
How do I claim my income tax relief?
There are two ways to claim the 30% tax rebate. If you invested nearer the beginning of the tax year and are employed, you can ask HMRC to change your tax code. This can take a while, though. Alternatively, you can claim your rebate when completing your annual tax return.
Although most VCTs are nominally growth investments, and any growth is tax free, the majority of returns (if there are any) are normally paid through tax-free dividends.
Many VCTs pay a tax-free dividend of around 5% – equivalent to a taxable dividend of 7.41% (higher-rate taxpayers) or 8.08% (additional-rate taxpayers).
A diverse, well-established VCT portfolio can produce a light thud of dividend cheques on the doormat throughout the year. Indeed, during the year to March 2015 the VCT sector paid out aggregate dividends of £240.3 million – an all-time high.
After the sale of a successful company within the portfolio, the profit will normally be distributed to investors as a larger or special dividend, and the remaining capital reinvested in new opportunities.
The value of tax-free VCT dividends
Obviously tax-free dividends are better than taxable ones. The question is: how much better? The table below shows what taxable dividend you would currently need to match different rates of tax-free yield.
The table above assumes all tax-exempt allowances have been used up and the whole dividend is subject to the new dividend tax rates (32.5% for higher-rate taxpayers and 38.1% for additional-rate taxpayers). Rates effective from 6 April 2016.